Throughout the decades, health trends have experienced many reinventions, readjustments, and revisions. Whether it’s Greek muscle men lifting Halteres (what we now call dumbbells), 1980s VHS aerobic workouts, or modern wearable technology, the evolution of exercise methods may sometimes move faster than our understanding of what good health actually means.

Things that were once deemed healthy many years ago are now understood to be bad for our health. That acknowledgement of our past mistakes is what keeps us searching for better health and new advancements in wellness.

But first, in order to better understand where the trends are headed, let’s take a look at what we define as health.


The term health covers a broad spectrum of areas, but can generally be described as being in a state of good physical and mental wellbeing.

A more modern definition of health would also include the notion of striving to maintain a strong balance between all aspects of your wellbeing in everyday life, no matter how large or small the action.

To achieve better overall health through this state of physical and mental wellbeing, Psychology Today lists five main areas of focus:

The ability to control your stress management, and muster emotions that develop into good feelings.

But how healthy is our wellbeing? The graphs below provide some insights into the UK health and wellbeing from January to March 2012-2020.


Graph illustrating changes in life satisfaction over the period 2012 - 2020


Graph illustrating changes in people feeling worthwhile over the period 2012 - 2020


Graph illustrating changes in happiness over the period 2012 - 2020


Graph illustrating changes in anxiesty over the period 2012 - 2020

Source: Office for National Statistics – Annual Population Survey

This focus on 2020 data in particular shows how the external factors of the world (such as Brexit and coronavirus) can affect overall health and wellbeing. The increased levels of anxiety and decreased levels of happiness are in direct correlation with England exiting the EU, and pre-lockdown worries nationwide.

Now that we know the five main areas of wellbeing required to achieve good health, and have seen how the world around us can affect it, let’s look into the key areas of health.


While the definition of the word has changed and evolved over the centuries, there are still three primary types of health, and they tend to fall under the following areas:

Physical Health. Physical health is defined as being in good physical condition and free from ailments of the body. A person who is in prime physical condition has a body that functions well.

Good physical health practices include exercise, keeping away from alcohol and cigarettes, and maintaining a healthy and nutritious diet.

Emotional Health. Contrary to popular belief, being in sound emotional health doesn’t mean being constantly happy. Instead, it relates to our capabilities to cope with everyday events in our lives, and our capacity to handle our own emotions, as well as the emotions of others.

Good emotional health practices include being aware of your emotions and communicating your emotions in an effective and socially appropriate manner.

Mental Health. Perhaps the most difficult of the main three types of health to summarise, good mental health alludes to the ability to not only deal with emotions but how our brains process and interpret information.

Over the years, we’ve come to understand further how both physical and mental health work in tandem. In fact, all three of these areas have a direct impact on one another. For example:

  • 15 million people in the United Kingdom live with a long-term physical condition.
  • Over 4 million of those people have or will develop a mental health condition as well.
  • Individuals with cancer, asthma, diabetes or high blood pressure are more at risk of suffering from mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety and PTSD.
  • 37.6% of people with severe mental health problems will also have a long-term physical condition.

Source: Mental Health Foundation

This extensive examination of health and wellness continues on the website, where the topics of:

  • Physical Health
  • Mental Health
  • Wellness
  • Maintaining Health and Wellness in a Post-Covid World

are explored in detail, and are accompanied by a series of external links to relevant information on the general subject of Health & Wellness. Click on the link just above, then scroll to the section labeled Part 02 – Physical Health, and you’ll find an amazing array of statistics and information covering these four health- and wellness-related topics.

(Editorial Note: This article has been provided to AMAC Foundation by Digital Content & Media Consultant/Researcher Zoe Williams, and is provided to our readers as a general public service.)

Notice: The links provided above connect readers to the full content of the referenced information. The URLs (internet addresses) for these links are valid on the posted date; cannot guarantee the duration of the links’ validity. Also, the opinions expressed in these postings are the viewpoints of the original source and are not explicitly endorsed by AMAC, Inc. or the AMAC Foundation, Inc. Providing linkage to external websites does not constitute endorsement of products or services advertised thereon.